The Digital Archive of Arthur Fleischmann (1896 - 1990)

Here we describe the size, scope and context of the digital archive of the sculptor Arthur Fleischmann (AF).

The physical documents have been acquired by the Hyman Kreitman Research Centre of Tate Britain in London, for permanent safe-keeping for the Nation.

The archive has been constructed after AF's death as, as far we are aware, he didn't organize his papers in any systematic way. This archive builds on the work done previously by several other hands, notably Martin Greenwood and AF's son Dominique Fleischmann (DF). It consists of approximately 6,000 letters and documents, both sent (carbon copies) and received by AF, and spans the period immediately before he left Australia in 1948 up until his death in 1990 in Tenerife. The archive material contains predominantly his professional correspondence, but also some personal letters too. The majority of the written material is in English, but there is a significant minority of in-coming letters in other European languages (AF was proficient German, Italian and Hungarian). These letters are gradually being translated into English, but progress is slow.

In addition to letters, there are many invoices for professional services such as casting, sculpting materials, transportation and photography. These have been included in the archive, as they offer a unique insight into the collateral activities of a sculptor that occupy the sculptor's time and energies over and above the creative process.

There is an on-line catalogue of AF's creative work, including his drawings, sculptures and photographs at www.fineartfacts.com, and this archive complements that resource. A key aspect of the archive is that it is integrated with, and cross referenced to, the catalogue of creative work. This makes it easy for the researcher to browse seamlessly from the works of art to the archive, and back again.

AF was born in Pressburg/Pozsony (now Bratislava). He qualified as a medical doctor but almost immediately took up as a sculptor. Some of his earliest works are on buildings in Vienna and in the first few years of his career, he worked in ceramics and bronze. In the mid-1930s he went to South Africa and exhibited there before going to Bali in the late-1930s. There is very little material relating to the pre-Bali period in the archive.

He stayed in Bali until 1939 and converted to Catholicism during his stay. This became an important influence on his subsequent work. He moved on again to Australia in 1939 where he stayed until 1948, when he came to England.

The letters are linked and cross-referenced to the works of art and exhibitions that they concern. They have been catalogued and digitized in broadly chronological order and each item has been scanned with a horizontal resolution of 1000 pixels, and cover the period from the late 1940s while AF was in Australia to his death in 1990. Both incoming and outgoing correspondence is included. From about 1973, the amount of outgoing tends to increase as typed copies were [sporadically] kept. There are in excess of 6,000 individual items.

AF used any available scrap of paper (such as envelopes) to sketch his ideas. Many of these have been scanned and entered in the database. These drawings are cross-referenced to both the works of art with which they are associated, and to the letters that reference them.

Some press cuttings and exhibition catalogues have been scanned and catalogued, and are also cross-referenced to the works of art and the exhibitions to which they refer.

Digitálny archív Arthura Fleischmanna (1896-1990)

V tejto časti popisujeme veľkosť, rozsah a kontext digitálneho archívu sochára Arthura Fleischmanna (AF).

Materiály získalo do trvalej úschovy Výskumné centrum Hymana Kreitmana, ktoré je súčasťou Tate Britain v Londýne.

Archív bol vytvorený po smrti AF, nakoľko nie je známe, že by svoje dokumenty systematicky triedil a usporadúval. Nadväzuje na predchádzajúci, obdobný projekt Martina Greenwooda a syna AF, Dominiquea Fleischmanna (DF). Archív pozostáva z približne 6000 listov a dokumentov (odoslaných kópií, ako aj prijatých AF) z obdobia bezprostredne pred jeho odchodom z Austrálie v roku 1948, až do smrti umelca na Tenerife v 1990. Archívny materiál obsahuje prevažne jeho profesionálnu korešpondenciu, ale aj niektoré osobné listy. Väčšina písomností je v angličtine, no značná časť je aj v iných európskych jazykoch (AF bol zdatný v nemčine, taliančine a maďarčine). Tieto listy sa postupne prekladajú do angličtiny.

Okrem listov obsahuje archív aj množstvo faktúr za profesionálne služby, napríklad za odlievanie, sochárske materiály, dopravu a fotografovanie. Do archívu boli zaradené preto, lebo ponúkajú unikátny pohľad na vedľajšie aktivity sochára, ktoré mu uberali čas a energiu nad rámec kreatívneho, autorského procesu.

Na webovej stránke www.fineartfacts.com je k dispozícii doplňujúci on-line katalóg, pozostávajúci z kresieb, sôch a fotografii. Kľúčovým aspektom archívu je, že je integrovaný a odkazuje na katalóg tvorivých prác. Bádateľovi to uľahčuje plynulý prechod medzi prehliadaním umeleckých diel a archívnych materiálov.

AF sa narodil v Pressburgu/Pozsony (dnes Bratislava). Získal titul doktora medicíny, no takmer okamžite sa začal naplno venovať sochárstvu. Vo svojich začiatkoch pracoval prevažne s keramikou a bronzom a jeho prvé diela sa nachádzajú na viedenských budovách. V polovici 30. rokov, predtým než odišiel na Bali, odcestoval do Južnej Afriky a vystavoval tam svoje práce. V archíve sa však nachádza málo materiálov zachytávajúcich obdobie pred odchodom na Bali.

AF zostal na Bali až do roku 1939 a počas tohto pobytu konvertoval na katolícku vieru, čo malo neskôr významný vplyv na jeho ďalšiu tvorbu. V roku 1939 sa presťahoval do Austrálie, kde žil až do roku 1948. V tom istom roku sa potom vrátil späť do Anglicka.

Jeho diela a celé výstavy sú prepojené s archívom listov a vzájomne na seba odkazujú. Listy, ktoré tvoria zbierku, boli katalogizované a digitalizované v prevažne chronologickom poradí (každá položka bola naskenovaná v horizontálnom rozlíšení 1000 pixelov) a pokrývajú obdobie od konca 40. rokov, kedy bol AF v Austrálii, až do jeho smrti v roku 1990. Obsiahnutá je doručená, ako aj odoslaná korešpondencia. Približne od roku 1973 množstvo odoslanej korešpondencie narastá, keďže strojopisové kópie boli (sporadicky) uchovávané. Archív obsahuje vyše 6000 individuálnych položiek.

Na skicovanie svojich zámerov používal AF akékoľvek dostupné kúsky papiera (napríklad obálky). Mnohé z nich boli naskenované a sú súčasťou databázy. Tieto kresby sú prepojené s konkrétnymi finálnymi dielami a s listami, v ktorých sa spomínajú.

Niektoré výstrižky z tlače a katalógy výstav boli naskenované a katalogizované. Sú tiež prepojené s umeleckými dielami a výstavami, ku ktorým sa vzťahujú.


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Name: Arthur Fleischmann - Victoria Embankment Gardens Catalogue
Author: Withheld
Date: 1972
Description: Catalogue for the exhibition "Arthur Fleischmann - Acrylic Watersculpture". Exhibition held at the Victoria Embankment Gardens, June 1st - 18th, 1972. Foreword written by Sir Hugh Casson, May 1972. Introduction written by Lou Klepac.
Type: Catalogue
Name: Marjorie Parr Exhibition Catalogue
Author: Dr Arthur Fleischmann
Date: 1976
Type: Catalogue
Name: Correspondence with Z. Lewinter Frankel
Author: Z Lewinter-Frankel
Date: 1950
Description: Thanks for AF's postcard and photographs. Says he is planning a trip to London, and will phone AF to settle his account when he is in town.
Type: Letter
Showing documents 1 to 3 of 3